雇主的态度是否影响了对移民者和国际学生的雇用?来自雇主的调查证据

时间:2022-11-11来源:公海彩船线路检测中心作者:曹丹浏览:134设置

讲座题目:

Do Employer Attitudes Affect the Hiring of Immigrants and International Students? Evidence from a Survey of Employers

雇主的态度是否影响了对移民者和国际学生的雇用?来自雇主的调查证据

Examining the Determinants of Managers’ Hiring Attitudes Towards Immigrant Workers: Evidence from an Employer Survey

考察管理人员对移民工人的雇用态度的决定因素:来自雇主的调查证据

主讲人:Tony Fang

报告时间:202211139:00—12:00

报告地点:5B-210

主办单位:管理学院  国际经济与管理研究院


主讲人简介:

Tony Fang graduated from the University of Toronto with a PhD in Human Resources/Labor Relations, currently employed at Stephen Jarislowsky Chair in cultural and Economic Transformation, Department of Economics and Faculty of Business Administration, Memorial. He is mainly engaged in the research of labor economics and has published more than 50 sci articles.

方涛教授于多伦多大学取得劳资关系和人力资源管理专业博士学位,现任加拿大纽芬兰纪念大学Stephen Jarislowsky讲席教授,多伦多大学兼职教授。主要从事劳动经济学、薪酬和福利、国际移民与文化变迁等研究,已发表sci论文50余篇。


主题1内容简介:

What are employers’ perceptions regarding hiring immigrants and international students in Atlantic Canada? How are these perceptions related to hiring outcomes? Our analysis, based on a 2019 random representative survey of 801 employers, finds that most report positive attitudes toward immigrants and international students. Probit analysis of the sample of employers who report receiving applications from immigrants and international students also finds that hiring from this group is positively associated with employers’ belief that multiculturalism enhances creativity in the workplace and (less clearly) with the belief that immigrants and international students are harder working than native-born local workers; negatively with beliefs that such workers accept lower pay, have language barriers, have higher training costs, hold unreliable credentials, and (less strongly) have lower retention probabilities; and not consistently with the belief that such workers may help in increasing exports, are unfamiliar with the Canadian culture or workplace, or may take jobs away from locals.

 在加拿大大西洋地区,雇主对雇用移民者和国际学生的看法是什么?这些看法与雇用结果有什么关系?基于2019年对801名雇主的随机典型调查,我们的研究发现大多数雇主对移民者和国际学生持积极态度。对有收到移民者和国际学生申请的雇主样本进行的Probit分析也发现,招聘这一群体与雇主认为多元文化能增强工作场所的创造力,以及(不那么明显地)认为移民者和国际学生比本地出生的工人更努力工作的信念正相关;与认为这些工人接受较低的工资、有语言障碍、培训成本较高、持有不可靠的证书、以及(不那么强烈地)有较低的留任概率等信念负相关;与认为这些工人可能有助于增加出口、不熟悉加拿大文化或工作场所、或可能抢走本地人的工作等信念无关。


主题2内容简介:

Using a representative survey of approximately 800 small and medium sized employers across Atlantic Canada, we empirically tested factors associated with employer attitudes towards hiring international migrants. Results showed employers who recently hired international immigrants reported more positive attitudes, consistent with our theory that frequent contact with immigrants fosters positive perceptions. We also found employers in New Brunswick reported less positive attitudes than those in the other three Atlantic provinces. Public sector and not-for-profit employers had more positive perceptions than their private sector counterparts. The coefficients for the rural-urban divide showed the expected signs, but they were statistically insignificant. We offer interpretations of our main findings and implications for policy and practice.

 通过对加拿大大西洋地区约800名中小型雇主的典型调查,我们实证检验了与雇主雇用国际移民者的态度有关的因素。结果显示,最近雇用过国际移民者的雇主报告了更积极的态度,这与我们的理论一致,即与移民者的频繁接触会促进积极的看法。我们还发现新不伦瑞克省的雇主比其他三个大西洋省份的雇主报告的积极态度要少。公共部门和非营利性雇主比对应的私营部门的雇主有更多的积极看法。城乡差距的系数和预期一致,但在统计意义上并不显著。我们最后对本研究的主要发现和对政策和实践的影响进行了说明。

地址:中国·四川·成都市 公海彩船线路检测中心(610039)

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